REFERENCES

  1. A Declaration from the harmless and innocent people of God, called Quakers to Charles II, 1660. dec1660.html
  2. quakers-in-action/22
  3. WWI Casualties World_War_I_casualties.html
  4. WWI Australian Casualties www.awm.gov.au/atwar/ww1/
  5. Quaker Media release 28.2.2013.
  6. MAPW (Medical Association for the Prevention of War) submission to the National Commission on the Commemoration of the Anzac Centenary, 2010, p.4 http://www.mapw.org.au/
  7. E.g. Recommendation 1, Government response to the Report of the Anzac Centenary Advisory Board on a program of initiatives to commemorate the Anzac Centenary. April 2013. ; Honest History, e.g. The Heart of Honest History, Paul Daley, 7 November 2013.
  8. General Meeting for Australia 1902 in This we can say: Australian Quaker life, faith and thought. Australia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) Inc. 2003. See also in www.trove.nla.gov.au(14 November 1902, Evening News, Sydney)
  9. Jauncey, Leslie C. (1935) The Story of Conscription in Australia. George Allen & Unwin Ltd, London.
  10. The Defence Bill of 1909, an amendment to the [Australian] Defence Act 1903-10, provided for schoolbased physical training for 12-14 year olds (junior cadets), military drill for 14-18 year olds (senior cadets), and adult training for 18-20 year olds in the citizen forces.
  11. Jauncey, op.cit.
  12. Oats, William Nicolle. The Rose and the Waratah: The Friends School Hobart 1832-1945. The School Committee eventually decided that students participating in military drill should not wear their cadet uniforms
  13. at school. The Scouts group at the school is said to have satisfied the requirement for junior cadets. The Military Services Act of 27 January 1916 provided for compulsory military service and came into force on 2 March 1916. Ireland was excluded. This was the first time in British military history that conscription had been introduced. Pearce Cyril (2002) Comrades in Conscience: The Story of an English Community's Opposition to the Great War, Francis Boutle; Quaker historian Jo Vellacott (2007) Pacifists, Patriots and the Vote: The Erosion of Democratic Suffragism in Britain During the First World War, Palgrave Macmillan.
  14. Mills, Barry (2013) The Achievements and Limitations of the Northern Friends Peace Board 1913-1920. 8th National Peace History Conference, Manchester 20-21 September www.nfpb.org.au ; Inside Out - Arthur Gardner, conscientious objector from WWI
  15. Hochschild A. (2011) To End All Wars: A Story of Loyalty and Rebellion, 1914-1918. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
  16. Mills, op. cit.
  17. quakers-in-action/299 and 252
  18. Mendelshohn F.(2002) Quaker Relief Work in the Spanish Civil War. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.
  19. The 1947 Nobel Prize for Peace.
  20. MAPW op. cit., p.4 quoting from Anzac Centenary website (in 2010)
  21. Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
  22. Alternatives to Violence Project in Australia.
  23. Friends Peace Teams in Asia-West Pacific.
  24. Quaker Service Australia
  25. Quaker Peace & Legislation Committee (2010) submission to the National Commission on the Commemoration of the Anzac Centenary

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